Opposition Grows to Virginia Transportation Compromise

Bill aiming to build consensus around Gov. Bob McDonnell's plan to bring $3 billion to transportation projects met with mixed reviews.

By Whitney Spicer, Capital News Service

Critics of the transportation funding compromise reached by legislative negotiators say the plan would place a huge burden on Virginia taxpayers.

The Virginia House of Delegates on Friday passed House Bill 2313, which would raise about $900 million a year for transportation and transit projects.

The 98-page compromise must win approval the Senate before it can be signed into law by the governor. The legislative session ends Saturday. 

The new plan, which was hammered out by a 10-member conference committee over the past week, would potentially raise close to $900 million a year in transportation revenue.  It could be the first transportation funding overhaul in Virginia since 1986 if it passes this week.

The compromise would:

  • Raise the state’s sales tax from the current 5 percent to 5.3 percent.
  • Add a 3.5 percent motor fuel tax at the wholesale level and a 6 percent diesel tax. 
  • It would eliminate the state’s 17.5-cent-per-gallon gasoline tax.
  • Create regional authorities in Northern Virginia and Hampton Roads that could raise funds independently to spend on transportation.

The transportation agreement also includes an Internet sales tax that would generate revenue for the state of Virginia under the Marketplace Equity Act. According to the transportation conference report, 57 percent of Internet sales tax revenue, or $183 million a year, would go toward transportation.

A clause in the agreement provides a contingency if Congress fails to pass the Marketplace Equity Act by January 2015. In this case, the wholesale tax on gas would rise from the proposed 3.5 percent to 5.1 percent.

“It deals with the economic engines of our state,” said Delegate Vivian Watts, D-Fairfax. She said the plan would ease congestion in Northern Virginia and Hampton Roads.

Eliminating or Reducing Gas Tax Central to Debate

Gov. Bob McDonnell hopes to wean Virginia off the gas tax, which he says is a declining revenue source because of more efficient cars.

“When we launched our effort to fix transportation, we called for decreasing Virginia’s reliance on the steadily decreasing transportation revenue source of the gas tax,” the governor said. “The plan agreed to today achieves that goal.”

According to McDonnell, the new plan would reduce the amount that Virginians pay at the pump by an estimated 6 cents per gallon. He said this would add up to almost $272 million per year saved by motorists.

But Democratic Sen. Richard Saslaw of Fairfax said the transportation compromise would not accomplish that goal.

“They haven’t really eliminated the gas tax at all. They’re just collecting it in a different manner. No one should be fooled by that,” said Saslaw, the Senate minority leader.

Attorney General Ken Cuccinelli was among the growing number of conservatives who spoke out against the compromise, saying it "contemplates a massive tax increase."

“In these tough economic times, I do not believe Virginia’s middle-class families can afford massive tax increases, and I cannot support legislation that would ask the taxpayers to shoulder an even heavier burden than they are already carrying, especially when the government proposes to do so little belt tightening in other areas of the budget.”

Grover Norquist, president of Americans for Tax Reform, claimed the transportation bill would raise taxes by $6.1 billion over the next five years.

Fairfax Sen. Chap Petersen wrote on his blog that the bill was "the very opposite of fair, equitable and uniform."

"Instead, it’s a grotesque combination of tax cuts, tax rebates, tax increases, new taxes, old taxes which are phased out (and then reappear elsewhere), regional alliances, regional funds, regional goals, statewide goals, special projects, and exceptions to all the above.  All boiled into one report which will be voted on with zero public comment," he wrote. 

He continued: 

There are some benefits, such that there is new money dedicated to transportation, which allegedly obtains $800M in new statewide revenue by the out years.  Most of this is accomplished by raising the titling tax on vehicles, raising the sales tax to 5.3%, and then “replacing” the retail gas tax with a wholesale gas tax (don’t ask — the rationale is too lame to be worth explaining).

On top of that, regional plans with the sales tax rider and hotel taxes will add significant new regional revenues, up to $350 million in northern Virginia, which will be controlled up here (and not by the CTB).  As always, these “regional” taxes are not a good precedent.  We are becoming two Virginias — with two different tax rates.  Inevitably one half will rely on the other.

Patch Editor Erica R. Hendry reported for this story.

See also:

Conference Panel Will Seek Transportation Compromise

McDonnell Calls on Senate to Pass Roads Funding

Governor’s Transportation Plan Hits Roadblock

McDonnell's Transportation Bill Moves Forward

Speak Out: Will McDonnell's Tax Plan Help Virginia?

mary comerford February 23, 2013 at 04:38 PM
N.Va GOP Delegate Barbara Comstock voted against the transportation plan. We'll remember that at the polls in November
Catherine February 23, 2013 at 08:57 PM
Thank you Delegate Comstock. My taxes in McLean are high enough. Not only do we pay for the rest of Virginia, we also pay for the rest of Fairfax County. Your vote was the right vote.
Another Patriotic Liberal February 23, 2013 at 11:32 PM
My home Commonwealth is considering charging hybrid owners an annual fee because they don't pay enough in gas taxes. That is so forward thinking of them! If they really want to be fair, charge those who take public transportation $250 per year. Bicyclists? $500. Walkers? $1000. If our Prius could get just a little bit better mileage, we might move to Maryland.
Rob Jackson February 24, 2013 at 03:37 PM
Do you even know what is in the Bill? One provision gives the added revenue from the additional $0.007 sales tax imposed in NoVA, not to the affected cities and counties where the money is raised, but rather, to the unelected Northern Virginia Transportation Authority. Despite being the largest jurisdiction in NoVA, Fairfax County has only one of 14 votes on the NVTA. Therefore, the higher tax money paid by Fairfax County residents can be siphoned for projects outside the County. I'm sure glad we have sharp people like Sharon Bulova and John Foust because too many other Democrats believe in higher taxes for the purpose of higher taxes.


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